- at least one king-size bed, and
- an air conditioner.
The problem with Buddy was that it had some level of water damage that left the ceiling material delaminated from the roof, and no one knew exactly the extent of the damage to the interior structure. We’d seen the unit online, and decided it was worth the one-hour trip to the dealer to check it out.
When we examined it in person, it was clear that water had penetrated at least the roof, and, worst case, that the whole roof might need replacing. We negotiated a price, and decided to go home and do some YouTube research to decide if we were up to what could be an entire roof overhaul. We tentatively decided that for the reduced price, it might be worth the risk.
When we bought it and examined it closely, we could see that the previous owners had decided that the leak had something to do with the air conditioner. They had repeatedly tried to remedy the situation by trying different methods. They’d caulked all the way around the bottom of the parts of the air conditioner that they could get to from the top. They’d placed a rubber strip of some sort all the way around the bottom of the air conditioner shroud, and then they’d placed what was probably Eternabond sealant tape across several sections of the black rubber strip. It was a mess, and it still leaked when it rained.
After much online research (thanks Popup Portal!), we decided that the most likely problem was that the RV air conditioner gasket needed to be replaced.When we got Buddy home, we removed the outer shroud and stripped off the black rubber gasket and Eternabond to see what we were dealing with. Looking at what was underneath the mess, we thought that whoever installed the air conditioner must have done it improperly – there was absolutely no space between the air conditioner and the roof! To properly function, the roof-top air conditioner needs to allow the condensation to run out of the unit and onto the roof. The former owners had basically blocked the unit’s ability to drain the condensation away from the air conditioner.
We looked at online manuals and installation guides, and decided that perhaps the installer had simply not used a gasket at all.
We proceeded to order a gasket online. The RV air conditioner we have is a Coleman Mach 3. It was tempting to order a “universal” gasket for a 14 inch by 14 inch roof hole since they were much cheaper than ordering a genuine Coleman gasket. But after reading lots of reviews, and knowing how much work it was going to be to get the air conditioner off and do the replacement, we decided to spring for the denser Coleman gasket. Who wants to do this again in a year because the cheap gasket fails? Not us.
The day came when we were ready to tackle the job. First, we opened up the camper to get to the inside air conditioner ceiling assembly.We carefully removed the outer plastic assembly, unplugged the power cable, and took off the interior plastic piece by removing the 4 long interior screws. To our surprise, we could see that there was indeed a gasket between the roof and the outer air conditioner, but it was flattened and therefore no longer providing a water barrier. If you look carefully at the picture at right, you can see a thin line of black – the old gasket – above the discolored foam of the roof, compressed much too tightly by the bolts connecting the inner air conditioner assembly to the outer ac unit. And as an aside: the roof of our Fleetwood Bayside was composed of: the inner paper ceiling, then a thin layer of wood veneer, then the foam (styrofoam?), and finally a top thin layer of aluminum that is the exterior of the roof. We carefully closed up the camper and brought down the roof. Once up on the roof, we removed the 4 screws holding down the shroud and lifted it off. We did our best to try to separate what was left of the old gasket from the roof by carefully taking a 3 inch putty knife and wedging it in between the gasket and the roof. Once we did that all the way around, we wanted to gently lift the air conditioner over onto its side. Since the unit was so heavy, we ended up using a floor scraper we had to act as a lever, and slipped boards under each end of the heavy air conditioner. Then we gently laid the ac unit on its side and then its back, onto a blanket next to the hole. The putty knife had done a fair job in separating the old gasket from the roof, but whoever installed the ac unit originally had laid down a layer of silicone under the gasket. So using a razor blade scraper we carefully removed as much of the silicone as possible, being careful not to damage the thin aluminum roof. We also removed all the remainder of the old gasket from the RV air conditioner unit itself.
Once we were done, it was easy enough to peel the paper off the new gasket and lay it on the ac unit exactly where the old one had been. (The sticky side goes on the ac unit, not on the roof.) The roof ac unit had a built in “gasket indicating tab” that would show when the new gasket had been properly tightened, so we made sure that we didn’t obscure that rubber tab. You can see the gasket indicating tab in the photo below left. It’s toward the upper left along a seam; it’s a small black rubber tab sticking up at about a 70 degree angle from the surface of the ac unit. You’ll need to be able to see that tab from the inside of your camper when you reposition the air conditioner over the roof hole.In addition to the square gasket, the kit came with a couple of additional pads to place on the long end of the unit to help bear the weight. After placing those pads, we were ready to reposition the ac unit over the hole. We did our best to line it up and place it back over the hole.
At this point it was time to open the pop up back up, and see how things looked from the inside. We were concerned that it would be very hard to maneuver the approximately 100-pound air conditioner from the inside if it was not quite lined up properly. While we’d done a pretty good job lining things up, we found that it was possible to slightly lift and move the unit from the inside to get it lined up just right. We re-attached the inside portion of the ceiling assembly with the four long screws. Reading the original installation directions found online, we knew that we needed to tighten the screws just until the gasket indicating tab was touching the roof – that provides an approximately 60% compression of the gasket, the manufacturer’s optimal percentage. That compression is all that is required to achieve an appropriate seal and keep water out of the camper. The picture here shows the gasket indicating tab in the lower right corner before we compressed the gasket by tightening the screws.
Once that was completed, we could re-attach the outer portion of the ceiling assembly. Success! After ensuring the unit was working as hoped, we collapsed the pop up once more, climbed onto the roof, and re-installed the shroud.
As we were finishing the project, the skies were darkening and we could feel sprinkles starting. Perfect – we’d be able to tell if our newly installed gasket would solve the issue of leaking water! The next day, we opened up Buddy and, much to our joy, there was no water inside.
We’ve since camped during a number of rainy nights, and we are happy to report that the RV air conditioner gasket repair has done its job.